Digital Diatribes

A presentation of data on climate and other stuff

Archive for the ‘Antarctica’ Category

Antarctic Oscillation

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on September 21, 2009

I thought I’d start taking a look at the different Oceanic Oscillations to see if there’s anything at all I can glean from the data.

The first set of data is the AAO Index data which goes back to 1979 here. This could be a mistake, but I pulled in data from this source for the pre-1979 numbers. The reason I say it could be a mistake is because the latter source’s numbers do not match all that well to the former’s. This puts the pre-1979 data in question as it relates to the newer data. And, as the chart results came into view, I think we see that splicing this data probably does more harm than good. With that said, I have kept it in for this view of the data, but may choose to eliminate it in future reviews.

We’ll start here with the raw data, and a fitted line that I will explain:


Antarctic Oscillation Data as of 200908

The current anomaly value is -0.686, which is the fourth consecutive negative anomaly. Previously, there were 11 consecutive positive anomalies.

The line on the chart isn’t actually a linear fit, though it is very close. It is actually a best-fit sine wave. However, there are no short-term waves evident in the data, so the best-fit wave is a long-term wave that completes a 360-degree phase over 12,000 years. Obviously, trying to make a strong case for a 12,000 year cycle is a bit silly based on 60 years of data. Nevertheless, it’s interesting to consider that the earth’s precession of the poles moves along this approximate time period. It’s also worth noting that this same approach on the Arctic Oscillation yielded a sine wave of 9500 years. I make no assertions as to the accuracy of this, I just find it a point of interesting congruence.

So, with a 12,000 year fitted wave, the 60 years essentially has a linear fit associated with it. In the chart, it is clearly an upward trend. However, observe the differene between the pre-1979 and post-1979 areas of the chart.

Two things are apparent: (1) the volatility in the anomaly values is much higher prior to 1979, and (2) the upward trend occurs in the pre-1979 data.

Putting numbers to these observations:
1) The Standard Deviation of observations for the data prior to 1979 is 1.749. The standard deviation for 1979 – current is 0.988. The average positive anomaly prior to 1979 is 0.960. The average positive anomaly 1979-current = 0.746. The average negative anomaly pre-1979 is -1.778. The average negative anomaly for 1979-current is -0.830.

2) The slope from 1948 – 1978 represents warming of 5.26 degrees Celsius per Century. The slope from 1979 – current represents 0.68 degrees warming per Century.

It seems pretty clear that the data prior to 1979 is a different animal than post-1979. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Antarctic Oscillation (AAO), Antarctica, Data, Earth, Global Warming, Oceans, Science, Temperature Analysis | Tagged: , , | 1 Comment »

A Warm July in the Antarctic

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on August 31, 2009

After seeing the July RSS anomaly that showed a warm July, I was perturbed that – once again – I was languishing in cool weather in Wisconsin while someplace else apparently “suffered” from warmer temperatures. Looking at the territorial data, one of the culprits for that nasty warm weather was the extreme south. It was rightly pointed out to me a while back that I must be careful in presenting the RSS data as “Antarctic,” since it only goes to the latitudinal line of -70 degrees. So, please know that when I reference the Antarctic region here, it simply means the -60 to -70 region, which is as far dwon as RSS goes.

The July anomaly in this region was 1.0490 (a full degree Celsius and then some), which was a pretty warm one. It is the 5th highest anomaly in the 367 data points and is the 2nd warmest July in the 31 data points. It is nearly 7 tenths of a degree warmer than a year ago and the anomaly if 0.56 units higher than last month.

Keep in mind that it’s winter down there right now. I point that out because I guess I’m just not sure how much of a difference a degree makes in July with regard to melting ice. I know that when it’s winter here, -19 doesn’t seem to do much more than -20. But what do I know? I’m just an actuary. And a Packer fan. Are you watching these guys? The offense is looking phenomenal! Preseason or not, I’m getting pumped for the season to start.

But I digress.

Anyway, the last 13 12-month average anomalies had been negative, but thanks to the most recent one, the current 12-month average is at 0.45 (0.0045 in degrees Celsius). That’s not even a hundredth of a degree, so it’s essentially flat.

There’s no real streak of warming or cooling to consider. This is the second straight year-over-year increase, after 2 decreases. In fact, there really have been no real streaks to speak of for years. You have to go back to 2003 just to find the last time there was 6 months of consecutive anything. And that one was a consecutive cooling stretch.



Overall Antarctic Trend since inception of RSS data

Despite the current large anomaly, it is evident that there is no particular long-term trend. There are fluctuations both positive and negative about an almost perfectly flat zero line. Also, there doesn’t seem to be any particular indication that things are fluctuating wildly about any more than they have in the past. In fact, the last 10 years saw no anomalies above an absolute value of 1.000 until this one, which is the largest gap in the data. We often hear about how climate change is producing more extremes, but we don’t see that in this data.


Latest Flat/Cooling Antarctic Trend - RSS

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Antarctica, Earth, Science, Temperature Analysis | Tagged: , , , | 5 Comments »

June 2009 Update on Global (and Regional) Temperature – RSS

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on June 5, 2009

The RSS Data has been released. I thought I’d take this opportunity to not only look at the global value, but also the northernmost satellite data (Arctic), the equatorial regions (Tropics), and the southern-most readings (near Antarctic – the satellite coverage doesn’t reach all the way to the pole).

Since I’m hitting all the regions, I won’t get present all the backup charts, but I will provide a numerical update on the trends. For each, I’ll simply show the overall trend using all RSS data, and the furthest line back where we can draw a flat or negative trend line.

Data Point
The anomaly for the month of May was 0.090 (will be heretofore presented in 0.01 degrees Celsius, or 9.0). This is 11.2 lower than the previous month, April 2009 and 16.8 higher than May 2008.

Ranking: 16th largest anomaly out of 31 May readings (48th percentile) and 177th of 365 total anomalies (51st percentile).

12-month average = 18.2. This increased over last month due to last year’s very low anomaly dropping from the average. Thus, it is the highest average since March 2008.

May was the sixth consecutive month for which the monthly anomaly exceeded the previous year’s anomaly, despite the drop from previous month.

Global Overall Trend Line since 1979:


RSS Global Overall Trend

The overall trend dropped from 0.12904 to 0.12802. This represents the units, in 0.01 degrees Celsius, of trending per month. It corresponds to an overall temperature trend of 1.54 degrees per Century.

Flat/Cooling Trend Line:


RSS Global Flat/Cooling Trend

The length has now increased another month on the back end, and also on the front end. The flat line now extends back to February 1997, making its length 12 years and 4 months.

There is no other period in the RSS data set where cooling occurred over a 12-year, 4-month period. The data set, however, only extends back to 1979.

As an aside, I like to take a look at some posts on boards where my information is posted. Last month, someone posted the link where I pointed out that we have now gone past 12 years without a warming trend. A responder glibly replied something along the lines of “How embarrassing for that author. RSS and UAH post the decadal trends in their data.” He pointed out the positive decadal trends.

What is embarrassing is the complete lack of comprehension in the difference in what is being presented. It would have taken that person all of 10 seconds to see my longer-term trends where I state the per-century trend in temperature according to the slope. The fact that I presented a recent, isolated period of no trending doesn’t in any way conflict with a longer-term decadal trend. I never cease to be amazed at the lack of understanding people have – or at least seem to have – on such basic statistical presentations.

What’s Happening with the various trend lines?
60-month: -0.307510 (-3.69 degrees per Century). Looks to decline to the steepest negative value since the mid-80’s soon.

120-month: +0.058601 (0.70 degrees warming per Century). Now back to the level seen in June 2008, and expected to go negative by year end.

180-month: 0.077408 (0.93/C). Lowest slope since the period ending September 1995. This could go as low as 0.05 by the end of the year.

240-month: 0.151595 (1.82/C). This is a steeper slope, but is now at its lowest point since July 2001.

300-month: 0.163786 (1.97/C). This is the lowest since August 2003. The 25-year slope is the steepest of the measures.

360-month: 0.126892 (1.52/C). Lowest of the 6 observed data points.

What does it all mean? Well, we have cooled recently. But those things can happen. The 12+ falt period is getting long enough to become statistically relevant, but looking at the RSS data set just doesn’t give us a large enough data set to compare likelihood. Longer term periods definitely show that we have warmed over a lengthier period of time – that’s not really in dispute. However, any claims of acceleration in warming are simply false, as can be shown by the fact that ALL trend line measures are declining. If warming were accelerating, we would see slopes increasing.



RSS Near-Antarctic Overall Trend

Only one chart is provided, since the overall data set is also the longest cooling period. The chart, however, pretty much shows a flat line. And even though we have this lengthy cooling trend, it jumps back and forth depending on your starting point whether the trend is warming or cooling – which pretty much means it’s a flat line.

Starting at the beginning with January 1979, it’s a negative trend. Here are all the reversals that take place (starting points to current): April 1981 (+); October 1982 (-); November 1982 (+), May 1989 (-), February 1990 (+), April 1990 (-), June 1990 (+), July 1990 (-), August 1990 (+), October 1990 (-), January 1991 (+), June 1996 (-), August 1996 (+), January 2000 (-). All starting points since then show a negative slope.

The May anomaly was 30.9, which was 86.8 higher than last month, but 7.5 lower than last year.

Rank: 10th of 31 Mays (67th percentile) and 87th of 365 total, 76th percentile.

No major streaks. 9 of the last 12 anomalies have been less than prior year.

The 60-month trend is quite steeply negative (-0.297491). All the other trend measures are either slightly negative or slightly positive (from -0.0113 to + 0.0343). The 300 month value of 0.0269, however, represents a peak value in the data set for any 25-year period of time. In its history, the low was -0.042.



RSS Arctic Overall Trend

The May anomaly was 44.6. This is lower than last month by 14.3 and lower than last year by 87.1 (hundredths of a degree Celsius, remember).

The May anomaly ranked 14th of 31 Mays (54th percentile) and 126th of 365 total (65th percentile).

The 12-month average anomaly is 47.3. It’s still high, but coming down. This is the lowest 12-month average since the period ending January 2005.

The Arctic has most certainly trended up fairly high over time (overall slope is 0.27081, or 3.25 degrees warming per Century), but the recent trend has been downward:


RSS Arctic Flat/Cooling Trend

Currently, we can fit a flat/negative trend line back to May 2001.

Other Trends:
The current 60-month trend line is very negative (-0.42606, -5.11/C). Obviously, this fluctuates a lot, but it is currently the lowest since January 2000.

120-month: The 10-year trend is still very positive (+0.25886, 3.11/C), but is at its lowest level since the period ending December 2004 and is trending down.

180-month: the 15 year trend is even higher (0.30129, 3.62/C) but has also trended down, and is at its lowest value since August 1998.

240-month: The 20-year slope is the steepest positive slope (0.43829, 5.26/C). Despite its high slope, it’s actually trending down and is at its lowest value since the period ending October 2005.

300-month: The 25 year slope (0.386403, 4.64/C) is a slight tick up from last month, which had otherwise been its lowest slope value since the period ending January 2007.

360-month: The 30-year vlaue of 0.262441 is a data set low (6 observations).



RSS Tropics Overall Trend

May anomaly = 8.4. This is down 9.6 from last month and up 42.9 from last year.

It ransk 13th of 31 Mays (58th percentile) and 163rd of 365 total (55th percentile).

The 12-month average of 7.9 is the highest since February 2008.

It is the eight consecutive month with current anomalis greater than previous year.


RSS Tropics Flat/Cooling Trend

The tropics show a flat/cooling trend back to March 1996.

Other trends:

60-month: The short-term trend line is very negative (-0.719114, -8.63/C). The steepest negative trend line occurred the period ending September 2008 (-0.814854) and had been the steepest negative trend line since the period ending June 2002.

120-month: +0.076548 (+0.92/C) is the lowest value since the period ending December 2007.

180-month: +0.029744 (+0.36/C) is the lowest value since the period ending September 1994.

240-month: +0.127287 (1.53/C) is the lowest value in the data set, the first data point being December 1998.

300-month: +0.158974 (1.91/C) is the lowest slope value since the period ending January 2005.

360-month: +0.117065 (1.40/C) is the lowest of the 6 observed data points.

Posted in Antarctica, Arctic, Climate Change, Earth, Global Warming, RSS, Science, Temperature Analysis, Tropics | Tagged: , , , , | 10 Comments »

What Giveth in the Ice Debate? (Southern Hemisphere)

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on May 27, 2009

Maybe some of you intelligencia can shed some light on this for me… This post is nothing earth-shattering, not data driven, and is not particularly original. But I’ve been musing. And what I’ve been musing is that, whatever your personaly belief is about Anthropogenic Global Warming, Environmentalism, Stewardship of our Planet, or whatever else, there is also the need for honest assessment of the facts. Sometimes these facts are comfortable to our preconceived notions, and sometimes they are not.

Back to my analogy… the concern on my end is continually throwing stupid policy after stupid policy (tax and regulation, banning light bulbs, carbon trading, banning lamb meat from UK restaurants, and so on) to solve a non-existent problem. With each step we take, it centralizes more authority and control into the hands of a few, it creates inefficiency, and reduces freedoms, rights, and choices. Seriously… 20 years ago, did we ever imagine that we’d live in a country where the sale of incandescent light bulbs would be friggin’ illegal?

Suppose I think that a certain stock that has dropped will rebound. There are conflicting reports as to its outlook, but I’ve decided to ignore the negative ones. I invest in it. It drops again. I still believe in it, and despite the poor earnings and financial results, I continue to think it’s a winner, so I pour more money in. It drops some more. Damn it, it will come back. I know it will. So I pour everything I have into it. When the company declares bankruptcy, only then will I realize that believing in something in the face of contrary facts, and acting on that belief can have dire consequences.

So, this could be applied to a number of things in the climate debate. Some things seem less clear than others. For example, we have a 12-year flat trend line in global temperatures, using RSS data, but within that period, the last 10 years is actually upward sloped, as are the longer-term periods. Reasonable people on both sides can offer facts that support their opinions, while the honest person will acknowledge that the final answer is not clear. Is the current period a true flattening? The start of a reversal? Or simply a lull in the path of more warming to come?

But then there’s the Southern Hemisphere Ice. And it’s simply mind-boggling to me that the data is basically ignored. Not only is it ignored, but when one piece of the Antarctic shelf is cleaving or melting, it makes the news. Absent in the report is the overall picture. I won’t go into all that, especially since anything I could do would pale in comparison to the work that Jeff has done at the Air Vent (link to the right). Here’s one such example, but he has a plethora of work that he has done reconstructing and analyzing the reports that supposedly somehow showed Antarctic warming, despite increasing ice and decreasing temperatures over the last 30 years.

There are lies, damn lies, and statistics…

But all one has to do is look at the charts. Click on the chart to get a bigger version. Here they are (all charts come from and are linked on the right of the page):

SH Ice Anomaly

This chart shows the anomalies. For those of you in Palm Beach, a positive anomaly means more ice than typical (defined as the average from 1979-2000).

I asked my 3rd grader if this chart seems to be going up from left to right or down. He said up. My 3rd grader seems more astute in his observation skills than some scientists who don’t like that answer.

SH Ice Area Last Year

This chart shows the ice area over the last year. Again, there is an anomaly line below. That red part above the flat black line = higher.

I suppose you can quibble about the fact that, at this point this year, the ice level isn’t as high as it was last year.
Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Antarctica, Arctic, Climate Change, Earth, Global Warming, Ice Area | Tagged: , , , | 2 Comments »

Ten Second Update…

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on January 5, 2009

Well, after traveling on vacation and getting back to work, I am in the midst of getting caught up with a number of things here.

I did, however, want to quickly point out that the latest ENSO data came out (link to the right) and it has a value of -0.633.  That is the fourth consecutive month under the -0.5 threshold considered to be La Nina.   It is a two-month average reading, so it is now persistent enough to note as a probably La Nina.  Officially, we need one more reading in that range, if I understand correctly.

Also, another link I have to the right shows the December Sunspot count at 0.8.   This is another very low reading after a couple months of a small increase.  Many thought the last two months, while low readings, indicated a stirring of Cycle 24 into some activity.  It appears that this is not the case yet.   The December number compares to last year’s count of over 10, so the 12-month average will dive to its lowest average yet.   I will hopefully take a little closer look at that.

The Northern Hemisphere Sea Ice rebounded quickly this fall, and then it reached a point where it did not advance for a number of days.  This hiatus in the extent increase put the 2008 total on the same course as 2007.  It has since tracked closely along that line.  While it does not appear that a dramatic increase in total extent is going to occur, it does appear that the 2007 maximum levels are at least matched.  There is really somewhat of a maximum upside that can be expected anyway, though historically there have been higher levels reached than current trends would indicate.   However, it woould stand to reason that since the freeze started with a higher base than 2008 and occurred earlier, there will be more thick ice heading into the 2009 melt.  There will also be more second-year ice.  People are really enamored with the difference between first and second year ice.  That seems silly to me, but I guess it might be important as it relates to overall thickness.

The Southern Hemisphere tracking shows that current ice levels continue to have a positive anomaly, meaning ice levels are above average.

No nifty charts or anything at the moment.  Just wanted to pass on my quick observations.

I hope you all had a Happy New Year.

Posted in Antarctica, Arctic, Earth, ENSO, La Nina, Oceans, Sun | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

2008 Update on Antarctic Temperatures – RSS

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on November 30, 2008

Antarctic Region:

October Anomaly

  • Anomaly value = -0.696, in degrees Celsius
  • Of 358 total anomalies in the data, it ranks 344th (I’ll bet you’ve all heard about that, right? What? You haven’t? I’m shocked!)
  • Of 30 October anomalies, it ranks 30th. Yes, that is correct. It was the coldest month since at least 1979, when the satellite data started.
  • October’s anomaly is 0.472 degrees cooler than October 2007 and 0.794 degrees cooler than September 2008

Averages and trends

  • 12-month average anomaly is -0.079, which is low, but there have been lower stretches (including earlier this year)
  • The slope since inception (January 1979) is -0.0000352 degrees Celsius per month, which corresponds to a cooling per Century of 0.04 degrees
  • We can fit a positive trend line going back to a starting point in most periods from a starting point of April 1981 to January 2000. The longest term trend lines are negative and the shorter trend lines are negative.
  • There is no significant recent streaks of consecutive cooling or warming stretches over previous year.
  • Last 60-month slope = -0.1590, the lowest slope since the period ending April 2007
  • Last 120-month slope = 0.1413. This is the lowest 120-month slope since the period ending July 2006.
  • Last 180-month slope = 0.0841, the lowest such slope since the period ending February 2007.
  • Last 240-month slope = 0.0286, which drops the value to its lowest point since the period ending September 2005.
  • Last 300-month slope = 0.0210, which is still bouncing around the same area it has since last December.

Overall trend since 1979 for Antarctica is slightly negative. Now, take a gander at this chart, use your common sense, and then you tell me whether or not the melting of the South Pole is about to doom us all.

NOTE ON THE RSS DATA:One thing that you can see by following the data source link is the particular region of the globe being measured in terms of latitude. It should be noted that the RSS data extends only to -70 degrees latitude, and that the “Antarctic” region referred to above does not extend all the way to the pole. While this is an obvious limitation in the data, it still does not negate the accuracy of the region being measured (-60 to -70). If someone knows a source that isolates the polar regions, I’d be happy to take a look at those as well.

Posted in Antarctica, Climate Change, Earth, Global Warming, RSS, Science, Temperature Analysis | Tagged: , , , , , | 8 Comments »

July 2008 Update on Global Temps – RSS

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on July 3, 2008

Even though I don’t have a predictive spreadsheet put together yet for the RSS anomalies, I still like to take a quick look at it and put the latest readings in context from a pure data perspective.

The latest RSS anomaly is 0.035. Historically, this is a fairly middle-of-the-road reading. It is the 13th coolest June of the 30 Junes on record. In more recent context, it is another cooler reading compared to the last few years. It is the coolest June since 1999 (-0.091). It now extends to 10 months the year-over-year anomalies that are lower than the previous year’s. The last such consecutive stretch dates back to the period beginning May 1999 and ending February 2000.

Looking at either the last 6, 7, or 8 month average anomalies (the point at which the recent spate of anomalies showed a drop to where they have since remained) provides the same answer as to the last time we have seen a stretch as cool as the current level: the period ending June 1997.

The cooling trend now extends back to May 1997.

It is also interesting to look at some of the regional measures. The tropics are showing their eighth consecutive negative anomaly. The last such stretch was the period beginning December 1999.

The Northern Hemisphere above the tropics still shows a positive anomaly of +0.316. So, from an overall historical perspective, it’s still on the warm side, but from a recent perspective it is cooler. It is the 5th coolest overall such anomaly since January 2005, and it is the second coolest June since 1997. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Antarctica, Arctic, Climate Change, Current Events, Earth, Global Warming, News, Science, Temperature Analysis, Weather | Leave a Comment »

Blogging Against the Grain, and My Most Recent Diatribe About Global Warming

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on February 12, 2008

I’m told that, in order to have a successful blog (i.e. one that more than three random people read, and only because they clicked the wrong link after a Google search) you must have a primary focus.  Alas, it looks like I will never have a successful blog.  I can’t help myself.  I have too many random interests.   I enjoy writing, and sometimes I’m trying to use my “entertainer” gene and not trying to make any broader point.   I also love current events:  news, politics, issues of the day…  Thus, my “news of the day” posts.   I love music.   Not just listening to it, but – as any visitors to the blog will know – I have a CD to promote, and the business side of me says that it would just be better to focus on blogging in order to draw attention to that.  (“That” meaning Avant-God, a Catholic/Christian Rock project that you will be sure to want to check out on CD Baby, artist Joe Tritz…  um, sorry about that shameless promotion…)   Then there’s the religious stuff.   I could just have a blog on Catholicism and/or religion in general.    Then there’s the personal stuff…  family, kids, stupid things I do… those kinds of things. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Antarctica, Arctic, Blogging, Climate Change, Current Events, Cycles, Earth, Global Warming, News, Opinion, Science, Snow, Sun, Weather, Winter, Wisconsin | Leave a Comment »

News: 02-05-2008 – Super Tuesday, McCain’s Conservatism, Arctic Ice, and Reducing Methane

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on February 5, 2008

It’s Super Tuesday!!

Well, obviously the big news today is in the political arena. This is just one story that tells us about all the races taking place. As of this writing, we know that Romney won Maine a few days ago (after hints that Paul may actually sneak in there) and this was generally ignored. In delegate count, McCain and Romney are projected very close at the moment, but you wouldn’t know it to hear that McCain has supposedly all but wrapped things up.

Romney took another hit today in West Virginia, where all 18 delegates went to Mike Huckabee. It is alleged that there was a maneuver by the McCain folks to vote for Huckabee after it was clear that McCain would not win the delegates. By doing this, they kept Romney from gaining any momentum. Perhaps a bit shifty, but it’s politics and certainly is nothing unheard of.

Anyway, it is expected that McCain will take a large lead tonight, but that there may be no clear Democratic front-runner. We shall see.

What is clear is that there is a lot of dissention in conservative ranks about McCain, in particular from Rush Limbaugh. A few days ago, Ann Coulter also said she would back Clinton over McCain.

While I respect the opinion of these fine conservative voices, I have to take issue with actually suggesting that it is a good idea to support the Democratic candidate for any reason other than believing they are the best candidate. I would think the better strategy is to find a Third Party candidate who is conservative (such as the Constitution Party). Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Antarctica, Arctic, Climate Change, Current Events, Global Warming, Ice Age | Leave a Comment »

News: 02-01-2008 – Search and Monopolize, China winter Syndrome, Antarctic Ice, Noah’s Ark of Seeds

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on February 1, 2008

I Guess We Have Time for a Quick Merge…

This was the big news of the day in the business world. Two giants in the tech industry talking about getting together and taking down Google. I post it here because my radio and TV and Internet told me that this was a big deal.

Here’s the thing I don’t really understand. Taken from the point of view of a random consumer, why do I care? I have my Yahoo! Mailbox and I search with Google. By now, it’s habit. I am trying to imagine a scenario where that habit is broken. I’m sure some will check it all out, but I’m too lazy. Seems like a lot of money, especially when you see the actual Yahoo! Market share. Combine the two entities and it still doesn’t touch Google.

This is becoming a humanitarian crisis

I alluded to the winter weather in China, but things just get worse. It looks like there are more storms on the way, too. I’ve seen a picture from China where the Palm Trees are covered in snow. Amazing stuff. Thankfully, I saw a news report today that said some trains started running. I can’t imagine how long it will take to get this situation handled, but at least there’s some hope. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Antarctica, Business, China, Climate Change, Crops, Current Events, Earth, Food, Global Warming, Ice Age, Military, News, Opinion, Political Correctness, Politics, Seeds, Snow, Weather, Winter | Leave a Comment »