Digital Diatribes

A presentation of data on climate and other stuff

Archive for the ‘Arctic Oscillation Index’ Category

Arctic Ocean Oscillation Data Update – September 2009

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on September 25, 2009

It’s been nearly a year since I looked at the Arctic Oscillation data. One reason I haven’t paid closer attention to this is because it doesn’t show the cyclical patterns that AMO, PDO, and ENSO do. I haven’t run a correlation analysis on the data (yet) to determine whether or not it appears to depend more on regional temperature, or whether it seems to drive the regional temperature, but it doesn’t appear – at least in the short term – that there is a clear cycle that we can hang our hat on and say with any certainty that certain conditions can or cannot be expected over the next few years.

The same kind of analysis is done here as presented in my previous posts. I do have a correction to make on the long-term sine wave, however. In my previous post I made an observation that the long-term sine wave suggested a pattern for the Arctic on a 9500 year cycle. That calculation pulled the wrong values. The new fitting and corrected calculation indicates a sine wave with a full cycle completed in 368 years.

Even that number is nothing I’d hang my proverbial hat on. Trying to speak to the length of a cycle that is hundreds or thousands of years old on the basis of 60 years of data is a suspect exercise. I only point it out because I mentioned it as a point of interest in my previous post. I now see that the comparison is not apt and that particular point of interest is meaningless. I apologize for the confusion.

arcticraw200908

Arctic Oscillation Data as of 200908

Since the last update, we saw a stretch of positive anomalies in 7 of the next eight months. The last three anomalies have been negative. The anomalies for June and July were both less than -1.3000.

The best-fit curve itself is scaled by a factor of 2.929. Whereas the AMO, for example, ranged between +/-0.20, the Arctic ranges between +/-4.00, but mostly between +/-3.00. Thus, the higher scale factor. As mentioned, the curve itself is quite flat, fitted to reveal a 367 year cycle.

There is little vertical shift required, so the zero line is right about where it should be based on the dispersion of the data. The shift is a mere -0.0031, which is close enough to zero to call it that.

One interesting thing I noted in looking through the data was the average squared distance from the curve in different time periods – a variance of sorts, not from the overall mean, but from the best-fit curve. Here are the time-periods and the average variance value:

1950-1954: 0.6603
1955-1959: 1.0570
1960-1964: 0.9414
1965-1969: 1.2891
1970-1974: 0.5337
1975-1979: 1.1788
1980-1984: 0.7463
1985-1989: 1.2549
1990-1994: 1.1941
1995-1999: 0.7523
2000-2004: 0.7847
2005-current: 0.7929

I wish I could tell you if that has any deep meaning. But what I can tell you for sure is that the period-to-period deviations around the curve over the last 15 years shows the most consistent limited fluctuation values in the data. A couple periods were lower, but they are bookended by much higher values. I have no idea if this is an indicator of anything in particular, but I thought it to be an interesting observation.

Again, I present the smoothed charts. The longer-term averages have a lot of autocorrelation, and the spike in average is driven and sustained by 3 pretty high anomalies in the early-mid 1990s. The overall trend of the average is upward because of the combination of those anomalies and the dropping out of some lower anomalies in the 1970s. It’s kind of interesting to see that show up in the longer-period averages since the raw data chart doesn’t seem to show that as much. However, part of the reason for this is the scale. The scale on the longer-term average charts is much lower (+/-0.5 vs. +/-4.0) so the trend looks steeper than it probably is. That said, the 10-year average is what it is, and it is definitely higher now than it was 40 years ago, though it is quite a bit lower than the peak averages of a decade ago.

arctic12200908

Arctic Oscillation Data as of 200908 - 12-month smoothing

arctic60200908

Arctic Oscillation Data as of 200908 - 60 month smoothing

arctic120200908

Arctic Oscillation Data as of 200908 - 120 month smoothing

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Posted in Arctic, Arctic Oscillation Index, Cycles, Data, Earth, Science, Temperature Analysis | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

A Closer Look At Oceanic Oscillation Cycles

Posted by The Diatribe Guy on February 2, 2009

In the past, I’ve presented some charts on the different Oceanic Oscillations for PDO, AMO, and ENSO. I’ve started to take a look at these again with an eye towards running a correlation analysis. The initial work I’ve done today is something I considered somewhat interesting, so I thought I’d share it.

The first thing I’ll present is the chart for Arctic Ocean Oscillation Indices since 1950, smoothed at one year, 5 years, and 10 years. These are presented below:

1-year smoothed Arctic Oscillation Data since 1950

The overall Arctic Oscillation index data since 1950 - 1 year smoothing.

5-year smoothed Arctic Oscillation Data since 1950

The overall Arctic Oscillation index data since 1950 - 5 year smoothing.

10-year smoothed Arctic Oscillation Data since 1950

The overall Arctic Oscillation index data since 1950 - 10 year smoothing.

Unlike the AMO, PDO, and ENSO charts, there is no apparent cyclicality showing up in the Arctic Oscillation chart. There does appear to be a trend upward overall, and there are certainly ups and downs within that. The 1-year chart looks much like an ENSO chart would be. Unlike ENSO, though, I’m not picking up a longer cycle.

Well, I wanted to show that chart to start, since the Arctic seems to be the focus of a lot of attention. I guess it bears musing whether or not the Oscillation has a root cause from the Ocean itself, or the sun, or melting ice, or freezing ice, or other factors that override any cyclical nature that would otherwise be apparent.

That’s all I really did on that piece. But I’d like to move on to some work I did with the AMO, PDO, and ENSO (as well as a look at those Arctic Oscillations).
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Posted in Arctic, Arctic Oscillation Index, Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), Climate Change, Cycles, Earth, ENSO, Global Warming, Oceans, Pacific Ocean, PDO, Science, Temperature Analysis | Tagged: , , , , , | 17 Comments »